The Names of the Quran

learning quran

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The Qur’aan referred to itsell by a number oi names, including:
1-The Qur’aan (Recitation): This name is mentioned seventy-three times; thus it
should be no surprise that it is by this name that the Book ol Allaah is best known. In
one verse, Allaah says,

قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَن يَأْتُواْ بِمِثْلِ هَذَا الْقُرْآنِ لاَ يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا

2) The Kilcuib (Book): This name has been mentioned seventy-seven times in the
This is the Book that Allaah sent down upon His linal Prophet (5|g), containing all the guidance that they need.

(2)الم (1) ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

A Iif Laam Mean. This is die Book, there is no doubt in it, a guidance lor
the pious- |2:I-2|
The names “Qur’aan’ and ‘Kitauli are complementary to one another, since the
‘Qur’aan’ denotes
that which is recited ami preserved in the hearts, whereas the ‘Kiliiub’
signifies the preservation by writing. The Qur’aan, therefore, has been preserved both
memorisation and by writing
The Furqaan (Criterion): Allaah has used this name four times in relerencc to
Qur’aan. The Qur’aan is the Criterion between taivheed and jt/j ///<•, truth and falsehood, and good and evil. Allaah says.

تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَى عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيرًا

«I51esscd be He Who seni down the Criterion {Furqaan) to I lis Slave
(Muhammad (=^)) so that he may be a Warner lo mankind” |2S:1

4) The Dhil{r (Remembrance, or Narrative): This name occurs titty- live times in
Qur’aan. The ‘Dhil{r signifies that the Qur’aan is a Guidance and a Remembrance ol the purpose ot lite, as it describes the purpose ol creation, the history of the
past nations, and the descriptions of Heaven and Hell

The Qur’aan as it Describes Itself

The best and most authentic way to describe the Qur’aan would be to quote what
it has to say concerning itself. The number of verses that deal with the Qur’aan arc too
numerous to mention here,””‘ therefore only some of them will be quoted.
The believers are told to rejoice in the revelation that Allaah has sent down.

قل بفضل الله وبرحمته فبذلك فليفرحوا هو خير مما يجمعون

«Say: ‘In the Bounty ol Allaah and His Mercy, let them rejoice.” this is better
than all the (wealth) they can amass» |1():58|
The ‘Bounty’ and ‘Mercy’ referred to in this verse have been interpreted by the scholars of tafseer to mean Islaam and the Qur’aan.
Some of the verses that describe the Qur’aan are as followsز

The Sunnah as it Describes the Qur’aan :

The importance ol the Qur’aan is so great that the Prophet (^) said, “The best of
you are those who learn the Qur’aan ami teach it to others.” 1 7 Although this hadeeth is
most often used in the context ol teaching the recitation and memorisation ol the
Qur’aan, there is no reason not to extend the meaning ol this hadeeth to include all the
sciences ol
the Qur’aan. Alter all, of what good is the recitation ol the Qur’aan it that
is not accompanied by understanding and action?
as with the number of verses about the Qur’aan, there exist numerous hadeeth
the merits ol the Qur’aan and its reciter. There are many treatises written specifically on this topic, such as the famous one by Imaam an-Nasaa’ee (d. 3113 A.H.)
entitled ‘Fadaa’il al-Om’aan’, and one by the famous interpreter, Ibn Katheer (d. 778
A.H.), with
the same title. Some of these hadeeth are as follows: