Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism) and Surah Al-Fatihah

Surah-Fatiha 3

Surah Al-Fatihah included three types of Islamic monotheism that Allah the Almighty created us to achieve. Allah created us to worship and to know Him, Glory be to Him.

The scholars of religion have made it clear that there are three types of Islamic monotheism, as follows:

1-Tawhid-ul-Rububiyyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship)

The One who is the maintainer and sustainer of all things without Whom nothing would exist. Allah Almighty alone has created the universe. He is the lord, the Sustainer, the Provider of this universe, alone, with no partner.

2-Tawhid-ul-Uluhiyyah (Oneness of Worship)

 The One who deserves to be worshipped.

You pray to Allah and supplicate to Allah, you seek refuge with Allah, and you seek by Allah the Almighty, there is no one but Him.

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 3-Tawhid-ul-Asma’ wal-Sifat (Oneness of Allah’s Names and Attributes)

The One who has beautiful Names and Attributes

There are ninety-nine names of Allah Almighty; he who commits them to memory would get into Paradise.

You know Allah Almighty with the full knowledge of His Names and Attributes, one who memorized them all by heart will enter Paradise.

Islamic Monotheism is the basis for the acceptance of deeds, and each deed is not accepted without it.

– Surah Al-Fatihah indicates the three types of Islamic monotheism, as follows:

(All praise is for Allah-Lord of all worlds) Praise is to Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, and His Most Beautiful Names, for Allah is the people of praise.

Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Allah will be pleased with His slave who praises Him when he eats and praises Him when he drinks”.


– (Lord of all worlds) Belief in His Lordship is Allah and the Lord is the Creator, Sustainer, and the Provider.

(The Most Compassionate, Most Merciful) who is merciful to his servants, so the names of Allah indicate the proof of the perfect attributes of Allah the Mighty and Sublime.

If you really know your Lord that He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, and that His mercy encompasses everything, you will know your need and need for His mercy, the Mighty and Sublime.

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– (You do we worship and You do we seek help) i.e., we single you out for worship, and we do not seek help except through Allah the Almighty alone.

So, let us recite the surah with a reflection and with a present and humble heart as if we recite it for the first time so that we can feel it with great meanings at the time of reciting it in prayer. We pray about 17 rak’ahs and recite Surat Al-Fatihah in it, and prayer is not valid without it. Let us strive and bring to mind the meanings that are in our hearts at the time of its recitation.

Ibn ‘Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

While Jibril (Gabriel) was sitting with the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon Him), he heard a sound above him. He lifted his head and said: “This is a gate which has been opened in heaven today. It was never opened before.” Then an angel descended through it, he said: “This is an angel who has come down to earth. He never came down before.” He sent greetings and said: “Rejoice with two lights given to you. Such lights were not given to any Prophet before you. These (lights) are: Fatihah-til-Kitab (Surah Al-Fatihah), and the concluding Ayat of Surah Al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings it contains.”


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