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–Tafkheem and Tarqeeq Part-2 التــفــخــيـــم والتــرقــيــق الجزء الثانى
Second: Letters that have tafkheem sometimes and tarqeeq other times .
A- The lengthened alif . ( ا )
B- Laam (ل )in the Glorious name of Allah . اللهم – الله
C- Raa (راء) .
1-The alif (الألف)
The alif is not characterized as having tafkheem or tarqeeq, but instead it is known to follow the letter preceding it as to tafkheem or tarqeeq. If a tafkheem letter precedes it then it also has tafkheem.
If the alif occurs after a letter with Tarqeeq, the alif also then has Tarqeeq, as in:
2-The lam of the name of The Majesty ( لفظ الجلاله (الله
The Lam of the Glorious name of Allah sometimes has tafkheem and sometimes tarqeeq, depending on the pronounced vowel on the letter preceding the Lam.
The alif that follows the lam will follow the lam in tafkheem or tarqeeq because as stated above, the alif follows the letter preceding it.
It is therefore necessary to make sure both the lam of the Glorious name of Allah and the accompany alif have both tafkheem and tarqeeq together, according to the rules stated below.
The laam of the Glorious name of Allah has tafkheem in the following states:
If what precedes the name of Allah has a fat-ha, such as in:
If what precedes the name of Allah has a dhammah, such as in:
هُوَ اللَّهُ –وَإِذْ قَالُوا اللَّهُمَّ – إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ اللَّهُ
The Lam of the Name of Allah Has Tarqeeq in the Following States:
If it was preceded by an original kasrah or presented kasrah even if it is connected to it (the name of Allah) or separated from it. For example:
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ – أَفِي اللَّهِ شَكٌّ – قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ It will be continued .