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-part-19: THE MUDOOD ( The Lengthenings ) part 3 المـــدود
The Secondary Madd divided into:
1- The madd due to hamzah.
A-The Required Joined Lengthening.
B-The Allowed Separated Lengthening.
C-The Greater Connective Lengthening.
2-The madd due to sukoon.
A-The Presented Sukoon Lengthening.
B-The Soft Lengthening.
C-The Compulsory Lengthening.
First : lengthening caused by a Hamzah:
1-The Required Attached Madd (AL-Madd AL-Waajib AL-Muttasil ) المـد الواجـب المتــصـل
Its definition: It occurs when a hamzah follows a madd letter in the same word.
It is called (required) because all readers agree that this madd is required.
(more than two vowel counts). It is called (joined) due to the attachment of the madd letter and the
hamzah to the same word.
Its rule: It is lengthened four or five vowel counts.
2-The Separate Allowed Lengthening( AL-Madd AL-Jaa’ez AL-Munfasil ) الــمـــد الجــائز المنـفصـل
Its definition: It occurs when a madd letter is the last letter of a word, and a hamzah (hamzat Al-qat‟ ) همزٍة القطع is the first letter of the next word.
It is called allowed because of the permissibility of a short count of two, as well as its lengthening with some readers.
It is called separate due to the separation of the madd letter and hamzah, meaning they are in separate words, but next to each other.
Its rule: Its lengthening is of the measure of four or five vowel counts, the way we are teaching to read, which is Hafs „an Aasim by the way of Ash-shatibiyyah.
Two vowel counts for this lengthening are not allowed in this way of reading.
When stopping on the word that has the madd letter at the end of it, the reader stops with the natural two count lengthening since the hamzah in the next word is the reason for lengthening to four or five
counts, and the reason is no longer present when stopping on the first word.
يا used for calling, or ها for drawing attention, the madd letter is written joined together with these words, they are drawn as one word but they are two separate words ٌيا أيــها – ها أولاء
And pronounced as one word.
So the kind of madd in allowed Separate Lengthening. يَـا أَيُّـهَا
3- The Greater Connecting Lengthening (Madd Assilah Alkubra) مــد الصـلة الكبـرى
Its definition: If the pronoun/possessive pronoun ( هـ ـه ( هاء الضمير
representing a third person male gender is at the end of a word (meaning not part of the original make up of the word) and it has a vowel of a dhammah or a kasrah, is between two voweled letters, and the first letter of the next word is a hamzah, the dhammah on the pronoun/possessive pronoun هـ is lengthened into a واو or the kasrah is lengthened into a ٌاءand it can be lengthened four or five counts, it is permissible two counts not the way we taught here.
This madd follows the allowed separated lengthening in vowel counts.
Examples: وَقَالُوا هَٰذِهِ أَنْعَامٌ – أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ
The second haa هـ in the word ُ هــذه follows the same rules as pronoun haa in the madd.