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Laam saakinah in verbs,nouns….

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-part-17: The Laam saakinah in verbs, nouns, command and participles


The Laam saakinah in verbs, nouns,command and prepositions/participles :

 

1- Lam sakinah in verbs:

Comes at the end of a word or in the middle.

1-Ith-har (pronounced clearly) If followed with any of the Arabic letters EXCEPT:   راء or لام

examples: (أَلْهَاكُمُ ﴾، ﴿ وَأَنْزَلْنَا الْحَدِيدَ ﴾، ﴿ يَلْتَقِطْهُ ﴾، ﴿ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ ﴾، ﴿ وَأَلْقِ عَصَاكَ(، ﴿ فَاجْعَلْ أَفْئِدَةً 

2-Idgham : with  راء or لام

example:     قُلْ لَكُمْ ,  وَقُلْ رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

2- Lam sakinah in nouns.

Ith-har (pronounced clearly):  Always in the middle of the word .
examples:     أَلْسِنَتُكُمُ ،  وَأَلْوَانِكُمْ ،  أَلْفَافًا 

3- Lam sakinah of command.

Ith-har (pronounced clearly‘Lam Sakinah’- when added to the present tense verb form, it becomes a
type of command if preceded by ‘thumm   ثم  or ‘waw و or ‘fa  ف
 examples:    فَلْيَكْتُبْ ،  وَلْيَعْفُوا ،   ثُمَّ لْيَقْطَعْ ،  ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُوا فَلْتَقُمْ ،  وَلْتَأْتِ طَائِفَةٌ 

4- Lam sakinah in participles

Only in  (هل)  (بل)

1-Ith-har of Lam sakinah followed by any letter EXCEPT   راء  or لَّام
 examples:     هلْ ٌيستوي , بلْ فعله ,  بلْ قالوا

2-Idgham if followed by these two letters  راء or  لَّام
 examples:    بَلْ لَمَّا يَذُوقُوا  , بَلْ رَفَعَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ

Lam saakinah at the end of the word merges into the next letter so is not pronounced at all next letter acquires a shaddah.
There is
EXCEPTION to the idgham rule in verse no.14 of surah Al-Mutaffeen Since reciter Hafs „an „Aasim by the way of Ash-shatabiyyay has breathless pause (sakt)    بَلْ رَانَ


see more Tajweed Course :

lam-sakinah-rules أحكام الالم الساكنة

al-ith-haaral-haliqe الاظهار الحلقى

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