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AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR

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-part-9: AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR


AL-IDGHAM AS-SAGHIR    الإدغام الصغٌير

 

The small merging:  إدغامَ متماثلٌينَ صغٌير ) الإدغامَ الصغٌير )

Meeting of letter saakin with a voweled letter so that the two letters become one emphasized letter of the
second type(of letter).

like:

مََ + م ََ= ّ م
مََ + ُ م ََ= ُ م
مََ + م ََ=  م

If there is Meem saakinah followed by a meem with a vowel in the same word or between two words,we are then required to insert the meem sakinah within the meem with a vowel which acquires a shaddah.

 

why is called IDGHAM MUTAMATHILYNE SAGHIR ?

 

Idgham because meem sakinah inserted into the meem with a vowel.

Mutamathilyne or Mithlyne because the letters are same articulation points and characteristics.

Saghir because the first letter is sakin and the second is voweled (with fathah, kasrah, dammah).
Ghunnah accompanying the idgham while the lips closed
 .

Examples : 

 فًى  قُلُوبهم مرض

خلقَ لكمَ ما فى َاَلأرض

(الَّذِي أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍ وَآمَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍ (4

 

see more Tajweed Course :

RULES OF NOON SAAKINAH

The Rules of Meem Saakinah

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